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低重力下典型固体燃料的火焰特征及燃烧速率
Alternative TitleFlame Characteristics and Burning Rate of Typical Solid Fuel Under Reduced Gravity
张小乐; 胡隆华; 霍然; 杨立中; 王双峰
Source Publication燃烧科学与技术
2011-06-15
Volume17Issue:3Pages:262-267
ISSN1006-8740 
Abstract利用实验时间为2.2 s,低重力水平为l0-2 90简易实验系统,对易升华典型固体燃料试样从常重力到低重力环境过渡的瞬态燃烧过程进行了实验研究,考察了火焰形态、火焰亮度和温度以及燃料试样燃烧速率受重力水平影响的变化趋势,结果表明,随着重力水平的变化,火焰从常重力环境中的湍流扩散火焰,过渡为低重力环境中的层流火焰,火焰高度、亮度和温度以及燃烧速率都随重力水平的下降而降低.由于进入低重力状态后,常重力燃烧诱导的空气流动并没有完全消失,观察到了逆风侧火焰温度、火焰平均亮度,以及燃烧速率因气流作用而回升的现象,这种现象会使低重力环境中的火灾复杂性和危害性增强.
Other AbstractExperiments were carried out in a simplified drop system,which can provide a simulated reduced gravity period of about 2.2 s and a residual gravity of 10-2,g0.The transitional behaviors of flame shape,average flame lumi-nance,flame temperature and combustion rate of fuel sample under normal to reduced gravity condition have been investigated.The results show that flame transforms from diffusive turbulent flame under normal gravity to laminar flame under reduced gravity.Flame height,average flame luminance,flame temperature and combustion rate of fuel decrease under reduced gravity.Because of the residual air movement induced by combustion under normal grav-ity,the rise in upwind flame temperature,luminance and combustion rate has been observed,which may make the fires under reduced gravity more complicated and hazardous.
Keyword低重力 扩散火焰 火焰形态 火焰温度 燃烧速率
Subject Area力学
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Indexed ByEI ; CSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目;教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划资助项目(NCET-09-0914);中国科学院微重力重点实验室开放课题资助项目
CSCD IDCSCD:4240721
DepartmentNML微重力两相流与燃烧
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://dspace.imech.ac.cn/handle/311007/45122
Collection国家微重力实验室
Corresponding Author张小乐
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张小乐,胡隆华,霍然,等. 低重力下典型固体燃料的火焰特征及燃烧速率[J]. 燃烧科学与技术,2011,17(3):262-267.
APA 张小乐,胡隆华,霍然,杨立中,&王双峰.(2011).低重力下典型固体燃料的火焰特征及燃烧速率.燃烧科学与技术,17(3),262-267.
MLA 张小乐,et al."低重力下典型固体燃料的火焰特征及燃烧速率".燃烧科学与技术 17.3(2011):262-267.
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