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Detection of alpha-fetoprotein through biological signal amplification by biosensor based on imaging ellipsometry
Huang CH; Chen YY(陈艳艳); Wang CX; Zhu W(朱伟); Ma HW; Jin G(靳刚); Chen, YY (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Suzhou Inst Nanotech & Nanobion, Suzhou, Peoples R China
Source PublicationTHIN SOLID FILMS
2011
Pages2763-2767
Conference Name5th International Conference on Spectroscopic Ellipsometry
Conference DateMAY 23-29, 2010
Conference PlaceAlbany, NY
AbstractHigh sensitive and quantitative detection of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) by biosensor based on imaging ellipsometry (BIE) through biological amplification was investigated. AFP firstly reacted with the rat monoclonal antibody (rat-mAb) initially immobilized on glutaraldehyde modified silicon surface, then rabbit anti-human AFP polyclonal antibodies (Rabbit-pAb) and goat anti-rabbit IgG (goat-IgG) were sequentially applied to amplify signal. Results revealed that signal was enhanced approximately six fold. The linear range of AFP detection was 20.0-200.0 ng/ml with a low limit of 5.0 ng/ml (S/N = 3). The cross-reaction rate was less than 5.2% evaluated by biomarker (carcinoembryonic antigen, carbohydrate 19-9 and carbohydrate antigen 242) and two common proteins (human serum albumin, fibrinogen) and their mixture. Coefficient variation (CV) for intra-slide and inter-slide reproducibility were 10.3%, 6.6%, 6.3% and 10.7%, 7.9%, 6.4% for 41.6 ng/ml, 83.2 ng/ml and 128.4 ng/ml AFP. In clinic application, cut-off value at 28.6 ng/ml was also determined with sensitivity 0.72 and specificity 0.94. Results of 47 clinic patient samples detected by BIE were in good agreement with those of electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) (R2 = 0.9949). The area under receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) curve is 0.89. Statistical analysis showed that BIE is high agreement with ECLIA (Kappa = 0.733, U = 3.21>U0.01). It shows a potential for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) diagnosis. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordImaging Ellipsometry Biosensor Signal Amplification Alpha-fetoprotein Hepatocellular Carcinoma Protein Microarrays Visualization Prospects Cancer Serum
Department中科院国家微重力实验室
Funding OrganizationUniv Albany, Coll Nanoscale & Engn
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Indexed ByCPCI(ISTP)
Language英语
Document Type会议论文
Identifierhttp://dspace.imech.ac.cn/handle/311007/45316
Collection国家微重力实验室
Corresponding AuthorChen, YY (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Suzhou Inst Nanotech & Nanobion, Suzhou, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Huang CH,Chen YY,Wang CX,et al. Detection of alpha-fetoprotein through biological signal amplification by biosensor based on imaging ellipsometry[C]. PO BOX 564, 1001 LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND:ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA,2011:2763-2767.
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