IMECH-IR  > 国家微重力实验室
容器内角处流体界面特性与Surface Evolver程序适用性的研究
Alternative TitleThe study on the mechanism of liquid surface in interior corner and the applicability of Surface Evolver
徐升华; 王林伟; 孙祉伟; 王彩霞; Xu, SH; Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mech, Key Lab Micrograv, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
Source Publication物理学报=Acta Physica Sinica
Abstract微重力条件下内角处液体行为的研究对于认识表面张力主导的液体行为,预测和控制空间微重力条件下的液体位置、瞬时状态,以及对空间流体进行有效的管理等方面都非常重要.通过分析接触角与流体界面在容器内角处的接触线方向之间的关系,并与Concus-Finn理论进行比较,提出了内角处接触线、接触角和几何形状之间相互关联的机理,并探讨了Concus和Finn等的相关理论结果的物理内涵.在此基础上,进一步将内角处的相关理论结果与SurfaceEvolver程序得出的数值结果进行了比较,指出当容器中的内角小于180°时,SurfaceEvolver程序通过自动划分网格即可比较准确地预言内角处的接触线和液面行为,但是当内角大于180°时,自动划分网格得到的数值结果有较大的误差,需要通过手动划分网格减少网格奇异才能减小误差.因此,对于具有复杂几何形状的容器,需注意网格的奇异性,并对内角处的液面进行定量的验证,才能有效判断Surface Evolver程序结果的正确性.本工作对于深入认识内角处的液面特性和机理,理解Surface Evolver程序的适用条件,以及分析微重力条件下容器内角处的液体行为等方面都具有明显意义.
Other AbstractThe study on the fluid behavior tinder microgravity condition is of great importance for the investigation of the fluid behavior caused by surface tension, the prediction and control of the liquid location at microgravity, the fluid management in space, etc. In this study, we analyze the relationship between the contact angle and the direction of the contact line in interior corner of container, and compare it with the Concus-Finn theory. The mechanism of mutual correlation among the direction of contact line, the contact angle and the geometric shape. of container, and the physical meaning of relevant theory by Concus and Finn etc. are also analyzed. By comparing the theoretical results with the numerical results calculated by Surface Evolver, we find that the Surface Evolver program can predict the contact line and the liquid surface in interior corner with angle smaller than 180 degrees, simply by the automatically partitioned grid. However, when the angle of the interior corner is larger than 180 degrees, the results given by Surface Evolver can have a remarkable error with the automatically partitioned grid. In order to reduce the error, it is necessary to manually partition the surface to reduce the singularity of grid. And the results from Surface Evolver should be tested quantitatively at the interior corners for complicated containers. The theoretical analysis and the numerical results calculated by Surface Evolver in this study will be helpful for understanding the characteristics and mechanism of liquid surface in interior corner, choosing the applicable parameters for Surface Evolver program, and the future study on the behavior of liquid in interior corner, especially under microgravity condition.
Subject Area微重力流体力学
Indexed BySCI ; CSCD
WOS IDWOS:000309089200054
WOS Research AreaPhysics
WOS SubjectPhysics, Multidisciplinary
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金(批准号:11032011,11172302);中国科学院创新工程(批准号:KJCX2-YW-L08)资助的课题
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Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorXu, SH; Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mech, Key Lab Micrograv, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
徐升华,王林伟,孙祉伟,等. 容器内角处流体界面特性与Surface Evolver程序适用性的研究[J]. 物理学报=Acta Physica Sinica,2012,61(16):166801.
APA 徐升华,王林伟,孙祉伟,王彩霞,Xu, SH,&Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mech, Key Lab Micrograv, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China..(2012).容器内角处流体界面特性与Surface Evolver程序适用性的研究.物理学报=Acta Physica Sinica,61(16),166801.
MLA 徐升华,et al."容器内角处流体界面特性与Surface Evolver程序适用性的研究".物理学报=Acta Physica Sinica 61.16(2012):166801.
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