|Laboratory observations of transient frictional slip in rock-analog materials at co-seismic slip rates and rapid changes in normal stress|
|Yuan FP(袁福平); Prakash V; Prakash, V; Case Western Reserve Univ, Case Sch Engn, Dept Mech & Aerosp Engn, Cleveland, OH 44106 USA.
|Abstract||Knowledge of frictional (shear) resistance and its dependency on slip distance, slip velocity, normal stress, and surface roughness is fundamental information for understanding earthquake physics and the energy released during such events. In view of this, in the present study, plate-impact pressure-shear friction experiments are conducted to investigate the frictional resistance in a rock analog material, i.e. soda-lime glass, under interfacial conditions of relevance to fault rupture. The results of the experiments indicate that a wide range of frictional slip conditions exist at the slip interface ranging from initial no-slip and followed by slip weakening, slip strengthening (healing), and seizure all during a single slip event. The slip-weakening phase is understood to be most likely due to thermal-induced flash heating and incipient melting at asperity junctions, while the slip strengthening (slip-healing) phase is understood to be a result of coalescence and solidification of local melt patches on the slip interface. In addition, plate impact pressure-shear normal-stress change (drop) experiments are employed to probe the response of the slip interface due to sudden alterations in normal stress. In particular, the location (timing) of the stress drop is varied so as to investigate the behavior of the slip interface in its slip-weakening, slip-strengthening (healing) phase, or the seized phase, in response to sudden drop in normal stress. These experimental results provide a rich set of data to better understand the range of possible friction slip states that can be achieved and/or critically examine existing dynamic friction models for fault slip behavior.|
Co-seismic Slip Rates
Rate Weakening And Strengthening
Rapid Change In Normal Stress
Plate-impact Pressure-shear Friction Experiments
Variable Normal Stress
|Funding Organization||The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support of National Science Foundation Earth Division through grants EAR: 0710975 and EAR: 0810083 for conducting this research. The authors would also like to acknowledge the Major Research Instrumentation Award CMS-0079458 by the National Science Foundation for the acquisition of the Multi-beam VALYN VISAR used in the present experiments.
|Corresponding Author||Prakash, V; Case Western Reserve Univ, Case Sch Engn, Dept Mech & Aerosp Engn, Cleveland, OH 44106 USA.|
Yuan FP,Prakash V,Prakash, V,et al. Laboratory observations of transient frictional slip in rock-analog materials at co-seismic slip rates and rapid changes in normal stress[J]. TECTONOPHYSICS,2012,558:58-69.
袁福平,Prakash V,Prakash, V,&Case Western Reserve Univ, Case Sch Engn, Dept Mech & Aerosp Engn, Cleveland, OH 44106 USA..(2012).Laboratory observations of transient frictional slip in rock-analog materials at co-seismic slip rates and rapid changes in normal stress.TECTONOPHYSICS,558,58-69.
袁福平,et al."Laboratory observations of transient frictional slip in rock-analog materials at co-seismic slip rates and rapid changes in normal stress".TECTONOPHYSICS 558(2012):58-69.