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洛伦兹力对自由燃烧弧和壁稳非转移弧流场的影响
Alternative TitleEffects of Lorentz force on flow fields of free burning arc and wall stabilized non-transferred arc
彭翊; 黄河激; 潘文霞; Huang H. (huang@imech ac cn)
Source Publication强激光与粒子束
2013-01-15
Volume25Issue:1Pages:52-56
ISSN1001-4322
Abstract通过耦合迭代求解流体力学方程和电磁场方程,数值模拟了转移式自由燃烧电弧和具有细长中间段及突扩阳极结构的壁稳式非转移直流电弧的流场,分析了洛伦兹力对这两种典型直流电弧流场的影响。结果显示:在自由燃烧电弧情况下,电流自感磁场的洛伦兹力对流场特性有显著影响,自磁压缩是约束电弧的主要机制;而在壁稳式非转移直流电弧情况下,相对于强壁面约束和气动力作用而言,洛伦兹力对流场的影响有限。特别在中间段出口以后,洛伦兹力与气动力的比值小于0.010,因此,当主要考虑壁稳式非转移直流电弧发生器出口参数时,为了提高数值模拟效率,可忽略洛伦兹力的作用。
Other AbstractThe flow fields of two typical DC plasma arcs, namely the transferred free burning arc and the non-transferred arc were simulated by solving hydrodynamic equations and electromagnetic equations. The effects of the Lorentz force on the characteristics of the flow fields of these two typical DC plasma arcs were estimated. Results show that in the case of the free burning arc, the Lorentz force due to the current self-induced magnetic field has significant impact on the flow fields, as the self-induced magnetic compression is the main arc constraint mechanism. However, in the case of the non-transferred arc generated in a torch with long and narrow inter-electrode inserts and an abruptly expanded anode, the Lorentz force has limited impact on the flow fields of the plasma especially at the downstream of the inter-electrode inserts, compared with the strong wall constraints and relatively high aerodynamic force. This is because the ratio of the electromagnetic force to the aerodynamic force is only about 0.01 in this region. When the main consideration is outlet parameters of the wall stabilized non-transferred DC arc plasma generator, in order to improve the efficiency of the numerical simulation program, the Lorentz force could be neglected in the non-transferred arc in some cases.
Keyword直流电弧 自由燃烧弧 壁稳非转移弧 流场 洛伦兹力 气动力
Subject Area电磁流体力学和等离子体动力学
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Indexed ByEI ; CSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金项目(11175226,10921062)
CSCD IDCSCD:4724503
DepartmentLHD应用等离子体力学(CPCR)
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://dspace.imech.ac.cn/handle/311007/47032
Collection高温气体动力学国家重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorHuang H. (huang@imech ac cn)
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
彭翊,黄河激,潘文霞,等. 洛伦兹力对自由燃烧弧和壁稳非转移弧流场的影响[J]. 强激光与粒子束,2013,25(1):52-56.
APA 彭翊,黄河激,潘文霞,&Huang H. .(2013).洛伦兹力对自由燃烧弧和壁稳非转移弧流场的影响.强激光与粒子束,25(1),52-56.
MLA 彭翊,et al."洛伦兹力对自由燃烧弧和壁稳非转移弧流场的影响".强激光与粒子束 25.1(2013):52-56.
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