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胶体粒子表面有效电荷的实验测量
Alternative TitleExperimental measurements of the surface effective charge of colloidal particles
周宏伟; 米利; 刘丽霞; 徐升华; 孙祉伟; Xu, SH (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mech, Key Lab Micrograv, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
Source Publication物理化学学报=Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica
2013-06-15
Volume29Issue:6Pages:1260-1265
ISSN1000-6818
Abstract

胶体溶液中带电胶粒的有效电荷是计算粒子间相互作用势的一个重要参数. 在本文中用电导率-粒子数密度关系法和电导滴定法分别研究了七种粒径及表面带电情况均不相同的聚苯乙烯粒子, 结果显示两种测量方法得到的有效电荷数值具有较好的一致性, 误差在7%以内. 同时发现, 经验公式计算的有效电荷差不多是实验值的2倍, 表明文献中的经验公式对于本文所研究的胶体粒子体系不适用.

Other AbstractThe effective surface charge of colloidal particles is an important parameter for calculating inter-particle interaction potentials. In this study, we investigated the effective charge of seven kinds of polystyrene particles having different diameters and surface charges. Two methods, conductivity-number density relationships and conductometric titration, were used to measure the effective charges. The results obtained from the two different methods show small variations of 7%. The effective charges were also calculated from empirical formulas and found to be twice as large as the experimental values, indicating these formulas cannot be universally applied to all colloidal dispersions.
Keyword胶体晶体 有效电荷 相互作用 电导滴定 Colloidal Crystal Effective Charge Interaction Conductometric Titration
Subject Area物理力学
DOI10.3866/PKU.WHXB201303262
URL查看原文
Indexed BySCI ; CSCD
Language中文
WOS IDWOS:000319268700017
WOS KeywordCRYSTALLIZATION ; SUSPENSIONS ; SPHERES ; DYNAMICS ; LATTICES ; STYRENE
WOS Research AreaChemistry
WOS SubjectChemistry, Physical
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金(11172302,11032011)资助项目
CSCD IDCSCD:4854933
DepartmentNML复杂流体
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://dspace.imech.ac.cn/handle/311007/47325
Collection国家微重力实验室
Corresponding AuthorXu, SH (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mech, Key Lab Micrograv, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
周宏伟,米利,刘丽霞,等. 胶体粒子表面有效电荷的实验测量[J]. 物理化学学报=Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica,2013,29(6):1260-1265.
APA 周宏伟,米利,刘丽霞,徐升华,孙祉伟,&Xu, SH .(2013).胶体粒子表面有效电荷的实验测量.物理化学学报=Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica,29(6),1260-1265.
MLA 周宏伟,et al."胶体粒子表面有效电荷的实验测量".物理化学学报=Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica 29.6(2013):1260-1265.
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