IMECH-IR  > 力学所知识产出(1956-2008)
Thesis Advisor王自强
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Keyword细观结构 相互作用 有效模量 边界配置法 损伤演化 复合材料 Microstructures Interaction Effective Moduli Boundary Collocation Method Evolution
Other Abstract本文在评述现有细观模型的基础上,采用严格考虑非均质材料细观结构群体相互作用的统一的求解方法,考察了细观结构(包括微裂纹、微孔洞、夹杂和纤维)对宏观刚度和强度的影响。第一部分评述了考察复合材料有效性能和强度的有代表性的细观力学模型,指出其各自的基本思路、适用范围及研究现状。第二部分针对含微裂纹和微孔洞细观结构缺陷的材料,以及颗粒和纤维增强复合材料,考察了无限大体中代表性体元的有效性能。并同其他细观力学模型及实验进行了比较。第三部分进一步提出了求解二维非均质材料有限体问题的方法。此方法考虑了细观结构之间的相互作用以及有限连界的影响。所得结果同其他方法及有限元进行了比较。第四部分讨论了夹杂间强烈的相互作用对应力强度因子的放大与屏蔽效应。针对细观尺度上的夹杂开裂、裂纹晶内扩展以及裂纹穿晶扩展等几种典型情况,直接模拟了脆性材料的损伤演化过程。最后是对全文的总结与问题讨论。; The objective of this work is to examine the effects of microstructures on macroscopic effective properties and strength of composite materials, by means of a universal method that directly accounts for the interactions between inhomogeneities. The first part evaluates existed micromechanics models for the determination of the effective properties and strength of the composite materials. The basic concepts, the limitations and the research progress of these works are also reviewed. The second part of the thesis focuses on the effective moduli of two-dimensional solids containing periodically or randomly distributed inhomogeneities, including cracks, holes, particles and fibers. The numerical results are compared with those from various effective medium theories and experimental data. The third part of the present thesis presents a general and efficient method for the solution of the elastic fields in finite solid plane which containing multiple elliptic inhomogeneities. The interacting effects between microstructures and effect of the outer boundary of the finite plate are taken into account directly. We also compare the present results with those from the existed effective medium theories and those from numerical methods, such as finite element method. The fourth part of the thesis firstly investigates the effects of strongly interaction between inhomogeneities on the stress intensity factors. Then the crack nucleation on inclusions and the small crack damage process of brittle material are simulated based on appropriate fracture criteria of intergranular growth and transgranular growth.
Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
玄伟剑. 非均质材料细观结构群体的交互作用与演化二维理论[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,1999.
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非均质材料细观结构群体的交互作用与演化二(8692KB) 开放获取LicenseApplication Full Text
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