2nd International Conference on Energy and Environmental Protection (ICEEP 2013)
APR 19-21, 2013
Start up and heat transfer performances of improved closed loop pulsating heat pipe(ICLPHP) charged with water and silver/water nanofluid, respectively, were investigated experimentally with angles of 90° and 60°. Both the average evaporator wall temperature and the overall thermal resistance of the ICLPHP with different working fluids and at the volume filling ratio of 35% were tested and compared. Experimental results showed that nanofluid caused different thermal performances of ICLPHP. Within the experiment range, silver/water nanofluid can improve operation stability and heat transfer limit and reduce starting power compared with water. With high heating power, thermal resistance of nanofluid was lower than that of water. With inclination of 60°, ICLPHP with nanofluid operated better and reduced sensitivity of inclination.