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空气污染组分H2O和CO2对乙烯点火特性的影响
Alternative TitleEffect of H2O and CO2 in vitiated Air on Ignition Characteristic of Ethylene
梁金虎; 胡弘浩; 王苏; 张胜涛; 范秉诚; 崔季平
Source Publication推进技术
2014-02
Volume3Issue:1Pages:220-226
Abstract超燃研究地面实验中通过燃烧加热方式获得的高焓气体中通常含有H2O和CO2等污染组分。污染组分可能造成地面实验与天空飞行中燃料的点火特性出现差异,为了正确评估这两种污染组分对碳氢燃料点火特性的影响,在预加热激波管上研究了H2O和CO2对乙烯点火特性的影响效应。以压力0.2MPa、化学当量比1和0.5乙烯在纯净气体中点火特性为基础,分别进行了单独加入7.5%、15%和25%的H2O,单独加入10%的CO2,以及同时加入25%H2O+10%CO2条件下,污染组分对乙烯点火特性影响的对比实验研究。结果表明:在贫油条件下(Φ=0.5),污染组分H2O和CO2对乙烯的点火基本没有影响;在化学当量比条件下(Φ=1)时,H2O和CO2分别对乙烯的点火具有一定的阻滞作用;当H2O和CO2同时存在时,污染组分在较大温度范围内表现出对乙烯点火的阻滞作用。从燃烧反应机理和热物理性质的角度对实验结果进行了初步分析。
Other AbstractIn the ground tests of hypersonic scramjet, the high-enthalpy airstream produced by burning hydrocarbon fuels often contains contaminants H2O and CO2. The contaminants may cause the ignition characteristics of the fuel become discrepant between ground tests and real flights. In order to properly assess the influence of the contaminants on ignition characteristics of hydrocarbon fuels, the effects of H2O and CO2 on ignition characteristics of ethylene were investigated in a preheated shock tube. Based on the ignition delay times of ethylene in clean gas, comparative experiments with clean and vitiated gases were conducted. At pressure of 0.2 MPa, equivalence ratios of 1 and 0.5, ignition delay times of ethylene were measured for four cases: 1) clean gas, 2) gas vitiated with H2O mole fraction of 7.5%, 15% and 25% by mole, 3) gas vitiated with CO2 mole fraction of 10% by mole, and 4) gas vitiated with H2O mole fraction of 25% and CO2 mole fraction of 10% by mole. The experimental results show that water vapor and carbon dioxide have almost no effect at equivalence ratio of 0.5, but an inhibiting effect appears at equivalence ratio of 1. An obvious inhibiting effect appears over a wide temperature range when water vapor and carbon dioxide exist together. The results were also discussed preliminary by considering both the combustion reaction mechanism and the thermophysic properties of the test mixtures.
Keyword污染效应 点火延时 乙烯 H2o Co2 激波管
Subject Area流体力学
Indexed ByEI
Language中文
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金项目(90916017)
DepartmentLHD解离气体动力学
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://dspace.imech.ac.cn/handle/311007/48321
Collection高温气体动力学国家重点实验室
Corresponding Author王苏
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
梁金虎,胡弘浩,王苏,等. 空气污染组分H2O和CO2对乙烯点火特性的影响[J]. 推进技术,2014,3(1):220-226.
APA 梁金虎,胡弘浩,王苏,张胜涛,范秉诚,&崔季平.(2014).空气污染组分H2O和CO2对乙烯点火特性的影响.推进技术,3(1),220-226.
MLA 梁金虎,et al."空气污染组分H2O和CO2对乙烯点火特性的影响".推进技术 3.1(2014):220-226.
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