IMECH-IR  > 流固耦合系统力学重点实验室
Optimization design for aerodynamic elements of high speed trains
Yao SB(姚拴宝); Guo DL(郭迪龙); Sun ZX(孙振旭); Yang GW(杨国伟); Chen DW(陈大伟); Sun, ZX (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mech, Key Lab Mech Fluid Solid Coupling Syst, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
Source PublicationCOMPUTERS & FLUIDS
2014-05-22
Volume95Pages:56-73
ISSN0045-7930
AbstractThe complex wake flow of high speed trains severely influences the running safety and amenity of the trailing car. In this paper, based on the streamlined shape of CRH380A high speed train, taking the aerodynamic lift force of the trailing car and the volume of the streamlined head as the objectives, an efficient multi-objective optimization process based on the response surface has been constructed. The Kriging model has been constructed based on the cross-validation method and genetic algorithm (GA). This approach could decrease the number of training samples and improve the optimization efficiency while without decreasing its generalization. After the Pareto optimal solutions being obtained, four design points are chosen for comparative study with the original shape, and one of these points is chosen for the unsteady aerodynamic study together with the original shape. The results reveal that the variation trends of the lift force and the side force of the trailing car are the same as that of the drag of the whole train. After optimization, the volume of the streamlined head is almost the same as that of the original shape. Compared to the original shape, the lift force of the trailing car decreases by 27.86% of and the drag of the whole train decreases by 3.34% in conditions without crosswind, and the lift force of the trailing car decreases by 5.43%, the side force of the whole train decreases by 72.09% and the drag of the whole train decreases by 2.1% in the crosswind conditions. The optimal train benefits from low fluctuations of lift and side force of the trailing car. Besides, better wake flow could be obtained, and the wake vortices are suppressed, too. Consequently, the running safety and amenity of HST are improved a lot after optimization. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordWake Flow Multi-objective Optimization Cross-validation Kriging High Speed Trains
Subject AreaComputer Science ; Mechanics
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Indexed BySCI ; EI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000335629800005
Funding OrganizationThis work was supported by 973 program (2011CB711100) and national key technology R&D program (2009BAQG12A03). Computing Facility for Computational Mechanics Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences is gratefully acknowledged.
DepartmentLMFS流固耦合与数值计算(LHO)
Classification二类/Q2
Citation statistics
Cited Times:28[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://dspace.imech.ac.cn/handle/311007/48864
Collection流固耦合系统力学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorSun, ZX (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mech, Key Lab Mech Fluid Solid Coupling Syst, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yao SB,Guo DL,Sun ZX,et al. Optimization design for aerodynamic elements of high speed trains[J]. COMPUTERS & FLUIDS,2014,95:56-73.
APA 姚拴宝,郭迪龙,孙振旭,杨国伟,陈大伟,&Sun, ZX .(2014).Optimization design for aerodynamic elements of high speed trains.COMPUTERS & FLUIDS,95,56-73.
MLA 姚拴宝,et al."Optimization design for aerodynamic elements of high speed trains".COMPUTERS & FLUIDS 95(2014):56-73.
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