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Mechanomics: an emerging field between biology and biomechanics
Wang JW; Lv DY(吕东媛); Mao DB(毛德斌); Long M(龙勉); Long, M (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mech, Ctr Biomech & Bioengn, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
Source PublicationProtein & Cell
2014-07
Volume5Issue:7Pages:518-531
ISSN1674-800X
AbstractCells sense various in vivo mechanical stimuli, which initiate downstream signaling to mechanical forces. While a body of evidences is presented on the impact of limited mechanical regulators in past decades, the mechanisms how biomechanical responses globally affect cell function need to be addressed. Complexity and diversity of in vivo mechanical clues present distinct patterns of shear flow, tensile stretch, or mechanical compression with various parametric combination of its magnitude, duration, or frequency. Thus, it is required to understand, from the viewpoint of mechanobiology, what mechanical features of cells are, why mechanical properties are different among distinct cell types, and how forces are transduced to downstream biochemical signals. Meanwhile, those in vitro isolated mechanical stimuli are usually coupled together in vivo, suggesting that the different factors that are in effect individually could be canceled out or orchestrated with each other. Evidently, omics analysis, a powerful tool in the field of system biology, is advantageous to combine with mechanobiology and then to map the full-set of mechanically sensitive proteins and transcripts encoded by its genome. This new emerging field, namely mechanomics, makes it possible to elucidate the global responses under systematically-varied mechanical stimuli. This review discusses the current advances in the related fields of mechanomics and elaborates how cells sense external forces and activate the biological responses.
KeywordMechanomics Mechanobiology Proteomics Transcriptomics
Subject AreaCell Biology
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Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000339333400005
Funding OrganizationThis work was supported by National Basic Research Program (973 Program) (No. 2011CB710904), National Natural Science Foundation (No. 31110103918), Strategic Priority Research Program grants XDA01030102 and XDA04020219, and National High Technology Research and Development Program grant 2011AA020109, and Knowledge Innovation Program grant KJCX2-YW-L08.
DepartmentNML分子-细胞生物力学与空间生命科学
Classification二类
Citation statistics
Cited Times:26[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://dspace.imech.ac.cn/handle/311007/49029
Collection国家微重力实验室
Corresponding AuthorLong, M (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mech, Ctr Biomech & Bioengn, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang JW,Lv DY,Mao DB,et al. Mechanomics: an emerging field between biology and biomechanics[J]. Protein & Cell,2014,5(7):518-531.
APA Wang JW,Lv DY,Mao DB,Long M,&Long, M .(2014).Mechanomics: an emerging field between biology and biomechanics.Protein & Cell,5(7),518-531.
MLA Wang JW,et al."Mechanomics: an emerging field between biology and biomechanics".Protein & Cell 5.7(2014):518-531.
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