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Title:
A relation to predict the failure of materials and potential application to volcanic eruptions and landslides
Author: Hao SW(郝圣旺); Liu C; Lu CS; Elsworth D
Source: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
Issued Date: 2016
Volume: 6, Pages:27877
Abstract: A theoretical explanation of a time-to-failure relation is presented, with this relationship (Omega)over dot(Omega)double over dot(-1) = (alpha - 1) (t(f) - t) then used to describe the failure of materials. This provides the potential to predict timing (t(f) - t) immediately before failure by extrapolating the trajectory (Omega)over dot(Omega)double over dot(-1) as it asymptotes to zero with no need to fit unknown exponents as previously proposed in critical power law behaviors. This generalized relation is verified by comparison with approaches to criticality for volcanic eruptions and creep failure. A new relation based on changes with stress is proposed as an alternative expression of Voight's relation, which is widely used to describe the accelerating precursory signals before material failure and broadly applied to volcanic eruptions, landslides and other phenomena. The new generalized relation reduces to Voight's relation if stress is limited to increase at a constant rate with time. This implies that the time-derivatives in Voight's analysis may be a subset of a more general expression connecting stress derivatives, and thus provides a potential method for forecasting these events.
Language: 英语
Indexed Type: SCI
Corresponding Author: Elsworth, D (reprint author), Penn State Univ, Energy & Mineral Engn, Ctr G3, University Pk, PA 16802 USA. ; Elsworth, D (reprint author), Penn State Univ, EMS Energy Inst, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.
Correspondent Email: elsworth@psu.edu
DOI: 10.1038/srep27877
Related URLs: 查看原文
DOC Type: 期刊论文
WOS Subject: Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS Subject Extended: Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS ID: WOS:000378028800001
ISSN: 2045-2322
Funder: This work is supported by National Basic Research Program of China (grant 2013CB834100), Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (Grant D2015203398), the Seed Fund of the State Key Laboratory of Nonlinear Mechanics, Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Science, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11472141).
Rank: [Hao, Shengwang; Liu, Chao] Yanshan Univ, Sch Civil Engn & Mech, Qinhuangdao, Peoples R China; [Hao, Shengwang] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mech, State Key Lab Nonlinear Mech, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China; [Lu, Chunsheng] Curtin Univ, Dept Mech Engn, Perth, WA 6845, Australia; [Elsworth, Derek] Penn State Univ, Energy & Mineral Engn, Ctr G3, University Pk, PA 16802 USA; [Elsworth, Derek] Penn State Univ, EMS Energy Inst, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
Department: LNM材料的分子/细观统计力学行为
Classification: 一类
First Institution (Yes or Not): True
Citation statistics:
Content Type: 期刊论文
URI: http://dspace.imech.ac.cn/handle/311007/59581
Appears in Collections:非线性力学国家重点实验室_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Hao SW,Liu C,Lu CS,et al. A relation to predict the failure of materials and potential application to volcanic eruptions and landslides[J]. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,2016-01-01,6:27877.
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