|Alternative Title||Characterization of nanoscale structural heterogeneity in an amorphous alloy by synchrotron small angle X-ray scattering|
|孙星; 默广; 赵林志; 戴兰宏; 吴忠华; 蒋敏强|
|Source Publication||物理学报/ACTA PHYSICA SINICA|
表征纳米尺度结构非均匀对于理解非晶合金的变形、弛豫等动力学行为至关重要.受时空尺度限制,非晶合金纳米尺度结构非均匀的实验表征具有很大的挑战性.本文针对一种典型的锆基非晶合金,开展了同步辐射小角X射线散射原位拉伸实验.通过对散射曲线的定量分析,揭示了非晶合金在纳米尺度的非均匀结构图像.首先,Porod散射曲线呈现正偏离行为,表明非晶合金属于非理想两相散射体系,两相界面弥散且任一相内都存在电子密度涨落.基于散射曲线的Guinier定律分析,进一步揭示非晶合金中散射体形状远偏离球形,其特征尺度主要分布在0.8—1.6 nm之间,且在弹性变形阶段几乎不变.最后,通过Debye相关函数分析,发现这些纳米尺度散射体仅在1 nm之内存在强关联,符合非晶合金短程有序、长程无序的结构特征.研究结果表明非晶合金中存在具有复杂空间分布的纳米尺度非均匀结构.
Amorphous alloys are the glassy solids that are formed through the glass transition of high-temperature melts. They therefore inherit the long-ranger disorders of melts and many quenched-in defects such as free volume. This inevitably leads to structural heterogeneity on a nanoscale that is believed to be as fertile sites for initiating relaxation and flow. However, due to limitations of spatiotemporal measurements, experimental characterization of the nanoscale structural heterogeneity in amorphous alloys has faced a great challenges. In this paper, an in-situ tensile testing setup with synchrotron small angle X-ray scattering is designed for a Zr-based(Vitreloy 1) amorphous alloy. By the small angle X-ray scattering, the structural heterogeneity of the Vitreloy 1 amorphous alloy can be described by the fluctuation of electron density. The small angle scattering images are recorded with the charge coupled device(CCD) detector, and then are azimuthally integrated into the one-dimensional scattering intensity curves using the FIT2D software. We apply the Porod law, Guinier law and Debye law to the obtained scattering intensity curves, and attempt to obtain the information about structural heterogeneity in the Vitreloy 1 amorphous alloy at different stress levels. The results indicate that the scattering intensity curve of the Vitreloy 1 amorphous alloy exhibits the positive deviation of Porod law. This observation proves that the amorphous alloy belongs to the non-ideal two-phase system, corresponding to the complicated spatial distribution between soft/liquid-like and hard/solid-like phases. According to the Porod's law, it is revealed that the diffuse interface exists between the two phases, associated with the density fluctuations in either of phases. Furthermore, we demonstrate that different scatterers coexist in the amorphous alloy and their characteristic sizes measured by the radius of gyration are mainly distributed between 0.8 nm and 1.6 nm. It deserves to note that the range of radii of gyration of scatterers are close to the equivalent sizes(1.3-1.9 nm) of shear transformation zones(STZs) for plastic flow in amorphous alloys. In addition, the shape of scatterer is far from a sphere, reminiscent of STZ activation regions of flat discs. It is therefore concluded that the scatterers with larger gyration radius correspond to the soft regions for the potential STZs, while those with smaller gyration radius correspond to the hard regions with lower free volume concentration. Finally, based on the correlation function defined by Debye, we analyze the correlation of electron density fluctuation between two arbitrary scatterers. The result indicates that the nanoscale scatterers in the amorphous alloy are strongly correlated only within a range of about 1 nm, which is consistent with the short-range ordered and long-range disordered structural features of the amorphous alloy. The image of the nanoscale heterogeneous structures characterized by the small angle X-ray scattering is almost not changed in the elastic deformation stage of the amorphous alloy. The present findings increase our understanding of the nanoscale structural heterogeneity in amorphous alloys, which is an important step to describe glass flow and relaxation.
|Keyword||Amorphous Alloys Nanoscale Structural Heterogeneity Small Angle X-ray Scattering Deformation|
|Indexed By||SCI ; EI ; CSCD|
|WOS Keyword||非晶合金 ; 纳米尺度结构非均匀 ; 小角X射线散射 ; 变形 ; SHEAR TRANSFORMATION ZONES ; BULK METALLIC GLASSES ; PLASTIC-DEFORMATION ; SOLIDS ; DYNAMICS ; ORIGIN ; FLOW|
|WOS Research Area||Physics|
|WOS Subject||Physics, Multidisciplinary|
|Funding Organization||National Natural Science Foundation of China(11522221 ; Key Research Program of Frontiers Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences(QYZDJSSW-JSC011) ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB22040303) ; 11372315 ; 11472287)|
|孙星,默广,赵林志,等. 小角X射线散射表征非晶合金纳米尺度结构非均匀[J]. 物理学报/ACTA PHYSICA SINICA,2017,66(17):111-120.|
|APA||孙星,默广,赵林志,戴兰宏,吴忠华,&蒋敏强.(2017).小角X射线散射表征非晶合金纳米尺度结构非均匀.物理学报/ACTA PHYSICA SINICA,66(17),111-120.|
|MLA||孙星,et al."小角X射线散射表征非晶合金纳米尺度结构非均匀".物理学报/ACTA PHYSICA SINICA 66.17(2017):111-120.|
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