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空间引力波探测望远镜初步设计与分析/Preliminary design and analysis of telescope for space gravitational wave detection
王智; 沙巍; 陈哲; 王永宪; 康玉思; 罗子人; 黎明; 李钰鹏
Source Publication中国光学
Abstract引力波的直接观测已开启引力波天文学的新篇章,爱因斯坦的百年预言终获证实。空间引力波探测器使得探测0.1 m Hz~1 Hz频段丰富的引力波源成为可能,与地面引力波探测器互为补充,才可实现更加宽广波段的引力波探测,揭开宇宙早期的更多秘密。空间激光干涉引力波探测采用外差干涉测量技术,测量间距百万公里的两自由悬浮测试质量间10 pm量级的变化量。望远镜是激光干涉测量系统的重要组成部分,1 pm的光程稳定性及苛刻的杂散光要求,不同于传统的几何成像望远镜。本文根据空间太极计划任务需求,对望远镜的功能及技术要求进行了分析,并完成了原理样机的初步方案设计,针对百万公里远场波前分布,分析了望远镜系统的敏感性,同时完成了在轨光机热集成仿真,为后面原理样机的研制奠定了技术基础。 The direct detection of gravitational waves opens up a new era of gravitational wave astronomy,and 100-year-old prediction on gravitational wavers by Einstein have been confirmed ultimately. The space gravitational wave detector makes it possible to detect rich sources of gravitational waves in the 0.1 mHz-1 Hz band. The space gravitational wave detector and the ground gravitational wave detector complement each other,and the combination of the two methods can realize the detection of gravitational waves in a broader band,thus uncovering more secrets of the early universe. Spatial laser interferometry gravitational wave detection uses heterodyne interferometry to measure changes in the order of 10 pm between two free-floating test masses that are millions of kilometers apart. Telescope is an important part of the laser interferometry system. Unlike the traditional geometrical imaging telescope,the telescope of the laser interferometry system shall meet the requirements of optical path stability for 1 pm and that of a harsh stray light. Based on the mission requirements of the Taiji Program in Space,this paper analyzes the functions and technical requirements of the telescope and completes the preliminary design of the principle prototype. In this paper,the sensitivity of the telescope system is analyzed according to the wavefront distribution in the far field of one million kilometers. At the same time,the thermal integration simulation in orbit is completed,which lays the technical foundation for the development of the subsequent principle prototypes.
Keyword望远镜 空间引力波探测 空间太极计划 LISA 激光干涉测量系统 telescope space-based gravitational waves detection Taiji Programe in Space LISA laser interferometric system
Indexed ByEI ; CSCD
Funding Organization中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(B):多波段引力波宇宙研究——空间太极计划预研(No.XDB23030000)/Supported by Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
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王智,沙巍,陈哲,等. 空间引力波探测望远镜初步设计与分析/Preliminary design and analysis of telescope for space gravitational wave detection[J]. 中国光学,2018,11(1):131-152.
APA 王智.,沙巍.,陈哲.,王永宪.,康玉思.,...&李钰鹏.(2018).空间引力波探测望远镜初步设计与分析/Preliminary design and analysis of telescope for space gravitational wave detection.中国光学,11(1),131-152.
MLA 王智,et al."空间引力波探测望远镜初步设计与分析/Preliminary design and analysis of telescope for space gravitational wave detection".中国光学 11.1(2018):131-152.
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