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Microgravity-induced hepatogenic differentiation of rBMSCs on board the SJ-10 satellite
Lv DY(吕东媛); Sun SJ(孙树津); Zhang F(张帆); Luo CH(罗春花); Zheng L; Wu Y(武毅); Li N(李宁); Zhang C; Wang CZ; Chen Q; Long M(龙勉)
Source PublicationFASEB JOURNAL
2019-03-01
Volume33Issue:3Pages:4273-4286
ISSN0892-6638
AbstractBone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are able to differentiate into functional hepatocytelike cells, which are expected to serve as a potential cell source in regenerative medicine, tissue engineering, and clinical treatment of liver injury. Little is known about whether and how space microgravity is able to direct the hepatogenic differentiation of BMSCs in the actual space microenvironment. In this study, we examined the effects of space microgravity on BMSC hepatogenic differentiation on board the SJ-10 Recoverable Scientific Satellite. Rat BMSCs were cultured and induced in hepatogenic induction medium for 3 and 10 d in custom-made space cell culture hardware. Cell growth was monitored periodically in orbit, and the fixed cells and collected supernatants were retrieved back to the Earth for further analyses. Data indicated that space microgravity improves the differentiating capability of the cells by up-regulating hepatocyte-specific albumin and cytokeratin 18. The resulting cells tended to be maturated, with an in-orbit period of up to 10 d. In space, mechanosensitive molecules of 1-integrin, -actin, -tubulin, and Ras homolog gene family member A presented enhanced expression, whereas those of cell-surface glycoprotein CD44, intercellular adhesion molecule 1, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1, vinculin, cell division control protein 42 homolog, and Rho-associated coiled-coil kinase yielded reduced expression. Also observed in space were the depolymerization of actin filaments and the accumulation of microtubules and vimentin through the altered expression and location of focal adhesion complexes, Rho guanosine 5'-triphosphatases, as well as the enhanced exosome-mediated mRNA transfer. This work furthers the understanding of the underlying mechanisms of space microgravity in directing hepatogenic differentiation of BMSCs.Lu, D., Sun, S., Zhang, F., Luo, C., Zheng, L., Wu, Y., Li, N., Zhang, C., Wang, C., Chen, Q., Long, M. Microgravity-induced hepatogenic differentiation of rBMSCs on board the SJ-10 satellite.
Keywordmesenchymal stem cells mechanotransduction hepatocyte signaling pathway
DOI10.1096/fj.201802075R
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000459794800094
WOS KeywordMESENCHYMAL STEM-CELLS ; SIMULATED MICROGRAVITY ; OSTEOGENIC DIFFERENTIATION ; ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS ; LIVER ; HEPATOCYTES ; EXPRESSION ; GRAVITY ; ACTIVATION ; CAPACITY
WOS Research AreaBiochemistry & Molecular Biology ; Biology ; Cell Biology
WOS SubjectBiochemistry & Molecular Biology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics ; Cell Biology
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China [U1738115, 31661143044] ; Strategic Priority Research Program ; Frontier Science Key Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences [XDA0402020219, XDA04020416, XDA04073800, QYZDJSSW-JSC018]
Classification二类/Q1
Ranking1
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://dspace.imech.ac.cn/handle/311007/78431
Collection国家微重力实验室
Affiliation1.{Lu, Dongyuan、Sun, Shujin、Zhang, Fan、Luo, Chunhua、Zheng, Lu、Wu, Yi、Li, Ning、Zhang, Chen、Wang, Chengzhi、Chen, Qin、Long, Mian} Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Biomech & Bioengn, Key Lab Micrograv, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.{Lu, Dongyuan、Sun, Shujin、Zhang, Fan、Luo, Chunhua、Zheng, Lu、Wu, Yi、Li, Ning、Zhang, Chen、Wang, Chengzhi、Chen, Qin、Long, Mian} Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mech, Beijing Key Lab Engn Construct & Mechanobiol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.{Lu, Dongyuan、Sun, Shujin、Zhang, Fan、Zheng, Lu、Wu, Yi、Li, Ning、Wang, Chengzhi、Long, Mian} Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sch Engn Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lv DY,Sun SJ,Zhang F,et al. Microgravity-induced hepatogenic differentiation of rBMSCs on board the SJ-10 satellite[J]. FASEB JOURNAL,2019,33(3):4273-4286.
APA 吕东媛.,孙树津.,张帆.,罗春花.,Zheng L.,...&龙勉.(2019).Microgravity-induced hepatogenic differentiation of rBMSCs on board the SJ-10 satellite.FASEB JOURNAL,33(3),4273-4286.
MLA 吕东媛,et al."Microgravity-induced hepatogenic differentiation of rBMSCs on board the SJ-10 satellite".FASEB JOURNAL 33.3(2019):4273-4286.
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