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Estimating lift from wake velocity data in flapping flight
Wang SZ(王士召)1,3; He GW(何国威)1,3; Liu TS(刘天舒)1,2
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Tianshu(tianshu.liu@wmich.edu)
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS
2019-06-10
Volume868Pages:501-537
ISSN0022-1120
AbstractThe application of the Kutta-Joukowski (KJ) theorem to estimating the lift of a flying animal based on wake velocity fields often leads to significant underprediction of the lift, which is known as the wake momentum paradox. This work attempts to answer the puzzling question on whether the KJ theorem is legitimate in its use for complex viscous unsteady wakes generated by flapping wings. The limitations in applying the KJ theorem to flapping wings are quantitatively examined through numerical simulations of viscous incompressible flows over three flapping wing models. The three flapping wing models studied in this work are a flapping wing with a fixed wingspan, a flapping wing with a dynamically changing wingspan and a dihedral flapping wing. The KJ theorem fails to give a satisfactory prediction of the time-averaged lift unless an effective span length is correctly computed. We propose a wake-sectional Kutta-Joukowski (WS-KJ) model to predict the time-averaged lift, where the effective span length is computed based on the time-averaged distance between the streamwise vorticity centroids in the right and left half sides of the Trefftz plane. The WS-KJ model incorporates the spatial evolutionary effects of the complex vortex structures in the wake and significantly improves the prediction of the time-averaged lift. The physical foundation for such improvement is explored. In addition, the time-dependent amplitude and phase changes of the unsteady lift are discussed as the fluid acceleration effect.
Keywordswimming/flying
DOI10.1017/jfm.2019.181
URL查看原文
Indexed BySCI ; EI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000465309800001
WOS KeywordAERODYNAMIC FORCE ; ANIMAL FLIGHT ; VORTEX THEORY ; KINEMATICS ; MODEL ; BAT ; DYNAMICS ; THRUST ; POWER ; FLOW
WOS Research AreaMechanics ; Physics
WOS SubjectMechanics ; Physics, Fluids & Plasmas
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[91752118] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[11672305] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[11232011] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[11572331] ; Strategic Priority Research Programme[XDB22040104] ; Key Research Programme of Frontier Sciences of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[QYZDJ-SSW-SYS002]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Strategic Priority Research Programme ; Key Research Programme of Frontier Sciences of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Classification一类/力学重要期刊
Ranking1
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://dspace.imech.ac.cn/handle/311007/79174
Collection非线性力学国家重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mech, LNM, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China;
2.Western Michigan Univ, Mech & Aerosp Engn, Kalamazoo, MI 49008 USA;
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sch Engn Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang SZ,He GW,Liu TS. Estimating lift from wake velocity data in flapping flight[J]. JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS,2019,868:501-537.
APA 王士召,何国威,&刘天舒.(2019).Estimating lift from wake velocity data in flapping flight.JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS,868,501-537.
MLA 王士召,et al."Estimating lift from wake velocity data in flapping flight".JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS 868(2019):501-537.
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