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关于非均匀系统局部平均压力张量的推导及对均匀流体的分析
Alternative TitleOn the derivation of local mean pressure tensor for nonuniform systems and the analysis of uniform fluid
崔树稳; 刘伟伟; 朱如曾; 钱萍
Source Publication物理学报/ACTA PHYSICA SINICA
2019-08-05
Volume68Issue:15Pages:8
ISSN1000-3290
Abstract

由维里定理导出的适用于均匀系统的平衡态压力张量表达式可以分成两部分:动压力张量和位形压力张量.人们进而对平衡的非均匀系统进行物理分析得到了局部平均压力张量表达式.本文用更为简洁的方法推导出这一表达式.给出以原子直径为长度单位的局部平均尺寸L* > 8条件下均匀流体系统平均位形压力中的三部分贡献项(体贡献项、面贡献项和线贡献项)与L*的理论关系式(含有待定参数);以氩原子气体为例,在温度180 K、原子数密度0.8下,对原子间采用林纳德-琼斯势进行了分子动力学模拟,给出了0.4 ≤ L* ≤ 17条件下三项贡献及总位形压力的模拟曲线,确定了L* > 8条件下理论关系式中的待定系数,并得到在L* > 2时,随着L*的增大,体贡献项从正压单调下降并趋于负的总位形压力,面贡献项和线贡献项都单调上升并趋于零,但线贡献项趋向零最快.从物理上解释了小尺寸L*下各项行为的复杂特点.得出L*足够大,才可以忽略面贡献项和线贡献项,而在纳米尺度下,忽略面贡献项和线贡献项,也就是忽略边界效应会给计算带来明显的误差.最后通过分子动力学模拟得出位形压力随着温度的升高而升高.这些结论对于压力张量的分子动力学模拟计算时选项的最优化是有意义的.

Other Abstract

The expression of equilibrium pressure tensor for uniform systems derived from Virial theorem can be divided into two parts: dynamic pressure tensor and configuration pressure tensor. The local mean pressure tensor is obtained by physical analysis of the equilibrium non-uniform system. In this paper, this expression is derived in a more concise way. The theoretical relationship, with undetermined parameters, between the three parts (the volume contribution, the surface contribution and the line contribution) of the average configuration pressure of a homogeneous fluid system and the local average size L* with the atomic diameter as length unit greater than 8 is given. Taking argon as an example, molecular dynamics simulation is carried out by using the Lennard-Jones potential between atoms at temperature 180 K and density 0.8 (atomic diameter)(-3). The simulation curves of configuration pressure and its three parts are given, and the undetermined coefficients in the theoretical relationship under the condition of L* > 8 are determined. It is found that for L* > 2, With the increase of L*, the volume contribution decreases monotonously from the positive pressure to the negative total configuration pressure, while the surface contribution and the line contribution both increase monotonously and tend to zero, but the line contribution tends to zero fastest. The complex characteristics of various behaviors are explained physically. It is concluded that the surface contribution and the line contribution can be neglected only if L* are large enough. In nanoscale, the neglect of the surface contribution and the line contribution, i.e., the neglect of the boundary effect, will bring obvious errors to the calculation. Finally, molecular dynamics simulation shows that the configuration pressure increases with the increase of temperature. These conclusions are significant for optimizing the selection of pressure tensor in molecular dynamics simulation.

Keyword维里定理 Virial theorem 分子动力学模拟 molecular dynamics simulation 表面张力 surface tension 局部压力张量 local pressure tensor 位形压力 configuration pressure
DOI10.7498/aps.68.20182189
Indexed BySCI ; EI ; CSCD
Language中文
WOS IDWOS:000478690600013
WOS KeywordSTRESS
WOS Research AreaPhysics
WOS SubjectPhysics, Multidisciplinary
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[11072242] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFB0700500] ; Key Scientific Studies Program of Hebei Province Higher Education Institute, China[ZD2018301] ; Key Research and Development Program of Hebei Province, China[18211233] ; Cangzhou National Science Foundation, China[177000001]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; Key Scientific Studies Program of Hebei Province Higher Education Institute, China ; Key Research and Development Program of Hebei Province, China ; Cangzhou National Science Foundation, China
ClassificationQ4
Ranking1
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://dspace.imech.ac.cn/handle/311007/79501
Collection非线性力学国家重点实验室
国家微重力实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
崔树稳,刘伟伟,朱如曾,等. 关于非均匀系统局部平均压力张量的推导及对均匀流体的分析[J]. 物理学报/ACTA PHYSICA SINICA,2019,68(15):8.
APA 崔树稳,刘伟伟,朱如曾,&钱萍.(2019).关于非均匀系统局部平均压力张量的推导及对均匀流体的分析.物理学报/ACTA PHYSICA SINICA,68(15),8.
MLA 崔树稳,et al."关于非均匀系统局部平均压力张量的推导及对均匀流体的分析".物理学报/ACTA PHYSICA SINICA 68.15(2019):8.
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