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The effects of geometry and heating rate on thermocapillary convection in the liquid bridge
Kang Q(康琦); Wu D(吴笛); Duan L(段俐); Hu L(胡良); Wang J(王佳); Zhang P(张璞); Hu WR(胡文瑞)
Source PublicationJournal of Fluid Mechanics
2019-12-25
Volume881Pages:951-982
Abstract

The experimental study on thermocapillary convection in liquid bridges of large Prandtl number has been carried out on Tiangong-2 in space. The purpose of these experiments is to study the oscillation instability of thermocapillary convection, and to discover and recognize the mechanism of destabilization of thermocapillary convection in the microgravity environment in space. In this paper, the geometry of a half-floating-zone liquid bridge is featured by the aspect ratio Ar and volume ratio Vr, and its influence on critical conditions of oscillatory thermocapillary convection is studied. More than 700 sets of space experiments have been finished. The critical conditions and oscillation characteristics of thermocapillary convection instability in the Ar–Vr parameter space have been fully obtained under microgravity conditions for the first time. It is found that the Ar–Vr parameter space can be divided into two regions of different critical conditions and oscillation characteristics: the region of low frequency oscillation, and the region of high frequency oscillation. More importantly, we obtain the complete configuration of these two stability neutral curves, and find that the low frequency mode is a ‘’ type curve. Based on this, we discuss the influence of heating rate on the oscillation mode. It is found that the heating rate affects the selection of critical mode, which results in a jump change of critical temperature difference. The findings of this study are helpful to better understand the critical modes and transition processes of thermocapillary convection in liquid bridges with different configurations.

DOI10.1017/jfm.2019.757
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Indexed BySCI ; EI
Language英语
Classification一类/力学重要期刊
Ranking1
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://dspace.imech.ac.cn/handle/311007/80039
Collection国家微重力实验室
Corresponding AuthorWu D(吴笛); Duan L(段俐)
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Kang Q,Wu D,Duan L,et al. The effects of geometry and heating rate on thermocapillary convection in the liquid bridge[J]. Journal of Fluid Mechanics,2019,881:951-982.
APA Kang Q.,Wu D.,Duan L.,Hu L.,Wang J.,...&Hu WR.(2019).The effects of geometry and heating rate on thermocapillary convection in the liquid bridge.Journal of Fluid Mechanics,881,951-982.
MLA Kang Q,et al."The effects of geometry and heating rate on thermocapillary convection in the liquid bridge".Journal of Fluid Mechanics 881(2019):951-982.
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