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IMECH-IR  > 流固耦合系统力学重点实验室(2012-)  > 期刊论文
Title:
基于单元破裂的岩石裂纹扩展模拟方法
Alternative Title: SIMULATION OF CRACK PROPAGATION OF ROCK BASED ON SPLITTING ELEMENTS
Author: 王杰; 李世海; 张青波
Source: 力学学报
Issued Date: 2015
Volume: 47, Issue:1, Pages:105-118
Abstract: 传统离散元方法在处理破裂问题时,采用界面上的准则进行判断,裂纹只能沿着单元边界扩展.当物理问题存在宏观或微观裂隙时,在界面上应用准则具有其合理性;而裂纹沿着单元边界扩展,使得裂纹路径受网格影响较大,扩展方向受到限制.针对上述情况,可以基于单元破裂的方式,构建连续-非连续单元法,并应用于岩石裂纹扩展问题的模拟.该方法在连续计算时,将单元离散为具有物理意义的弹簧系统,在局部坐标系下由弹簧特征长度、面积求解单元变形和应力,通过更新局部坐标系和弹簧特征量,可进一步计算块体大位移、大转动,连续问题计算结果与有限元一致,同时提高了计算效率.在此基础上,引入最大拉应力与莫尔-库伦的复合准则,判断单元破裂状态...
English Abstract: In conventional discrete element methods, fracture is judged by criterion of interface and cracks can only propagate along the boundary of elements. However, criterion of interface can only be used rationally on the condition that macro or micro fractures exist in physical problems. The path and direction of crack will be limited severely by the initial mesh when crack propagates along the boundary. Given these two limitations, a continuous-discontinuous element method is proposed and applied to simulate the progressing cracking problem of rocks. Specifically, criterion is applied on element and intra-element fracture will form. In continuous calculation, element is denoted by a discrete spring system which has specific physical meaning and its deformation and stress are calculated by the characteristic length and area of springs in local coordinate system. The continuous calculation results demonstrate a satisfactory agreement with the traditional finite element method. By updating spring information and local coordinate system, large displacement and rotation of elements can be calculated directly. In addition, Mohr-Coulomb criterion is implemented into the new model to specify the failure state and fracture direction, and intact element will be divided into two elements by means of cutting block. In this way, fracture may be inserted along the boundary of elements or within intact element. A cohesive zone model is employed to simulate the fracture and the elements on two sides of the crack are set to two different nodes at the same time, causing the displacement to be discontinuous. Finally, from numerical results of several intense examples with crack propagation, this method can satisfactorily simulate the progressing cracking problems under tensile, compressive and shear conditions, and its rationality is approved. The continuous-discontinuous element method has been shown to be insensitive to quality of mesh and thus has the potential to simulate crack initiation and propagation.
Keyword: 连续-非连续 ; 单元破裂 ; 裂纹扩展 ; 岩石破坏
Language: 中文
Indexed Type: EI ; CSCD
DOI: 10.6052/0459-1879-14-239
DOC Type: 期刊论文
ISSN: 0459-1879
Funder: 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(B类)(XDB10030303) ; 国家自然科学基金青年基金(11302230,11302229)资助项目~~
Rank: 中国科学院力学研究所;铁道第三勘察设计院集团有限公司;
CSCD ID: CSCD:5332903
Department: LMFS工程地质体力学(LEM)
Classification: 二类
Citation statistics:
Content Type: 期刊论文
URI: http://dspace.imech.ac.cn/handle/311007/58260
Appears in Collections:流固耦合系统力学重点实验室(2012-)_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
王杰,李世海,张青波. 基于单元破裂的岩石裂纹扩展模拟方法[J]. 力学学报,2015-01-01,47(1):105-118.
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